Last year, working on a paper on the differentiated European integration through the defence procurement sector, I tried to map defence co-operations in Europe: it was ugly and wasn’t satisfactory.
Thanks to the help of the Atelier de la cartographie at SciencesPo (and especially, the great Benoît Martin), I can suggest a clearer map of defence co-operation in Europe. Thanks to Dr Lucie Béraud-Sudreau, Dr Sylvain Kahn, Dr Alice Pannier and Dr Philippe Perchoc for their useful comments on the first draft of this map.
All your comments are welcome and if you want to use this map in your work, please use this reference:
Faure Samuel B.H. 2018. « La politique du « flexilatéralisme » : le cas de la politique française d’armement dans le contexte du Brexit ». Les Champs de Mars. 30 (1) : 86.
Another publication is coming soon in English.